MECAS(15)08 - Non-Tariff Policy (NTMs/NTBs) in a Global Sugar Trade Context
Publisher: International Sugar Organisation Format: digital download (PDF), 11.7” × 16.5” Pages: 47 Publication date: June 2015 Languages: English*
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This study continues the ISO’s investigation into how the world sugar trade may be shaped by government policy, measures and interventions. In 2014 the ISO conducted its first comprehensive analysis of applied tariffs and tariff-rate quotas (TRQs) in sugar, concluding that access to major markets for raw and white sugar can be shaped significantly by the disparity in applied tariff levels (between 0% and 200%) and by TRQs including those providing minimum access under WTO commitments, those agreed under Free Trade Agreements and those agreed under other preferential trading arrangements. In this second study, the ISO looks beyond tariffs to consider in more detail the potential impact of TRQ administration and to examine the wide range of government policies and interventions that are typically categorised as non-tariff measures (NTMs) and non-tariff barriers (NTBs) to trade. The study explores the potential impact on global sugar trade of a subset of five key categories of NTMs/NTBs. These include: tariff rate quotas administration; imports quotas, licencing and import bans; export incentives; exceptional measures; sugar quality standards; and price support schemes. For each of these areas illustrative policies and measures in key sugar trading countries are identified and discussed in order to elucidate their potential relevance to the world sugar trade and also to intra-regional trade in the context of Regional Trade Agreements (RTAs).
Table of Contents
Background and Definitions
Sugar Related Non-tariff Policies/Measures
1. TRQ Administration
US Raw Sugar WTO TRQ 5 EU TRQs
China WTO Raw Sugar TRQ
2. Import Quotas, Licencing and Bans
3. Export Incentives
4. Price Support
5. Sugar Quality Standards
NTMs /NTBs and FTAs
North America: NAFTA
SADC quota system
Kenya COMESA safeguard
Asia: ASEAN FTA
Potential Impact on Sugar Trade
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